Charles Darwin observed that there were lots of different types of finches in the Galapagos Islands. He realised they were varieties of the same species and were related. Each type of finch had adapted to suit their environment. For example: finches with larger beaks could eat larger seeds, while finches with smaller beaks could not. Inherited and certain adaptive traits allowed the finches to live and reproduce while others became extinct. This is called natural selection.
We conducted our own investigation by designing and testing beaks across six imagined Galapagos Islands. We were also given time to adapt to our environment to be successful and understand that evolution is the process of adaptation over a long time.
We discovered how many offspring our finch would produce and discussed whether we would survive.